Max Ernst

The Postman Cheval


Ferdinand Cheval (1836–1924) was a postman in Hauterives, in the Rhône-Alpes of France, who over a thirty-three-year period built a still-extant Palais Idéal in a bizarre, eclectic style using materials gathered on his postal rounds. As a man who constructed his dreams, Cheval posthumously became a hero for Surrealist artists. Max Ernst, in the guise of his alter ego Loplop Superior of Birds (present here both in the gouached bird on the left and in the rectangular blue figure with head and cravat on the right), pays homage to him in this collage, which is part of a series titled Loplop Introduces . . .

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Artist Max Ernst
Original Title Le Facteur Cheval
Date 1932
Medium Paper and fabric collage with pencil, ink, and gouache on paper
Dimensions 64.3 x 48.9 cm
Credit line Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice (Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York)
Accession 76.2553 PG 74
Collection Peggy Guggenheim Collection
Type Work on paper

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