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Richard Pousette-Dart


The Atom. One World

1947–48
 


Richard Warren Pousette-Dart was born in Saint Paul, Minesotta on June 8, 1916. He began to paint at the early age of eight, then later was educated in art, philosophy, music, and literature. In 1936 he enrolled in Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, but abandoned his studies before the end of the academic year in order to fully dedicate himself to painting and sculpture. To support himself, he found work as assistant to the sculptor Paul Manship. He later worked as a secretary in Lynn Morgan’s photography studio. He left this job in 1939, but he would always keep his passion for photography.

In 1941, Pousette-Dart had his first solo show at the Artists Gallery of New York. Throughout the Forties he participated in a number of important exhibitions, such as Forty American Moderns at Howard Putzel’s 67 Gallery, Spring Salon for Young Artists at Peggy Guggenheim’s gallery Art of This Century, and annual exhibits at the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors. During these years, his technique became marked by a dramatic application of materials, pronounced gestures, and emphatic color, i.e. the stylistic principals practiced by the Abstract Expressionists.

In 1951, influenced by eastern philosophy and American transcendentalism, Pousette-Dart decided to move to the country in order to concentrate on his artistic path. His paintings, together with those of his contemporaries Jackson Pollock, Arshile Gorky, and William Baziotes, were shown for the first time in Europe in 1948, thanks to Peggy Guggenheim when she showed her collection at the 24th Venice Biennale. He has had numerous solo shows in the world’s most prestigious museums, among which are New York’s MoMA (1969–70) and Whitney Museum of American Art (1963, 1974, 1998). In 2007, his work was the subject of an itinerant exhibit held at the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, and the Galleria Gottardo in Lugano. Pousette-Dart passed away in New York on October 25, 1992.

credits: Hangar Design Group